Studies conducted by various health departments in the United States have shown that cigarette smoking is responsible for almost four hundred and eighty thousand deaths every year. This means that in every five deaths, one is related to cigarette smoking. This makes tobacco smoking one of the biggest killers in the world. Further studies have shown that smoking is responsible for more than eighty percent of all deaths related to chronic pulmonary diseases. It is worth noting that Smoking of tobacco can harm almost every part of your body and the effects are very serious. Below are some of the negative effects of smoking cigarettes.
Effect on the respiratory system
Smoking greatly affects the functioning and structuring of the entire lung organ. Increased smoking reduces the defensive power of the lungs leaving them prone to lung injury and various lung disorders which eventually lead to chronic pulmonary diseases. Some of the pulmonary diseases include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Tobacco smoking also affects the upper respiratory system posing a great risk of viral attack. These include the pharynx as well as the nose. This leads to pneumonia, bronchitis and acute bronchitis. It is worth noting that second-hand smoke has a great impact especially on infants and children since it causes breathing and chest discomforts.
Effect on the oral health
Cigarette smoking has been proved to have a major negative effect on the oral health of the smoker. Further it has been linked to many dental problems. There are various symptoms which varies from bad breath, tooth discoloration, inflammation of the salivary glands as well as cavities formation. The common signs will include tooth infection and tooth ache which finally leads to removal of the tooth. In some cases white patches appear in the mouth as a result of leukoplakia.
Smoking effect on the digestive system
Other than the effects on oral and respiratory system, smoking of cigarettes also has a great negative effect on the digestive system. Reports have indicated that smoking greatly increases the risk of larynx, esophagus, throat and mouth cancer. It has also been linked to the inflammation and irritation of the stomach as well as the intestines which eventually result into ulcers forming up in the digestive system. According to studies, nonsmokers are at a lower risk of getting stomach and intestines cancer as compared to smokers. It is also worth noting that excess smoking has been proved to cause an imbalance of acids in the digestive system.
Effect on the cardiovascular system
This is another major area that gets affected by having your entire cardiovascular system damaged. This is as a result of the tightening of the blood vessels which eventually restricts blood flow. The damage and narrowing of blood vessels over time eventually lead to peripheral artery disease. Further, smoking has been associated with raising your risk to stroke and heart attack by weakening the blood vessel walls, raising blood pressure and increasing blood clots.
Effect on the reproductive system
Studies have shown that smoking has an overall effect on the reproduction system as well as fertility in both women and men. It has been linked to erectile dysfunction, low sperm count and fertility problems in men. The more you smoke, the more the severity of the diseases. In some cases, nicotine causes an insufficient flow of blood to the reproductive organs as a result of constriction of penile arteries leading to a negative effect on the development of the organs. In females, smoking leads to reduced infertility, abnormalities in the menstrual cycle as well as cervical and breast cancer.
It is evident that cigarette smoking is very harmful to your body’s health and has an overall negative effect on almost every part of your body. It is worth noting that all these dangerous effects and dreadful diseases can be avoided by quitting smoking and also taking the proper medication.